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Plants of the Mangrove Forests. One of the most important species of bats to inhabit (live in) the mangrove forests are the Fruit Bats (commonly called Flying Foxes). Mangrove plants are halophytic (salt-tolerant) plant species, of which there are more than 12 families and 80 species worldwide. It’s population across its entire range is estimated at less than 2500. Sundari Trees – this species of tree family is one of those rare types that can flourish in salty water. But rampant felling of trees in the forests has increased the risk, damage and havoc caused by the cyclones. Though there are a few exceptions to this, as there always are, the majority of plant life is of those trees that support the rest of this unique ecosystem. The FRA found that in Asia, there has been a huge increase in mangrove loss: from 1,030 ha (2,550 acres) per year to 38,200 ha (94,400 acres) over the same 30-year period. The second largest mangrove forest in the world, the ‘Pichavaram Mangrove Forest’ is situated near Chidambaram in South India. About 60 species of mangroves occur throughout the world. The naturally-occurring species of mangrove (Avicennia marina) found in Abu Dhabi, locally called ‘Qurm', is the grey or white mangrove, due to the colour of the underside of its leaves. Treating animal hides with tannin alters the hide’s protein structure so it becomes soft, pliable, and resistant to decomposition. Animals of the Mangrove Forests. Technically, the term mangrove refers to a plant while the mangal is the plant community and habitat where mangroves thrive. Mangrove forests support a wide variety of plants and animals that are all different and unique. Mangrove forests are often called “tidal forests,” “coastal woodlands” or “oceanic rain forests.” The mangrove system supports genetically diverse groups of aquatic and terrestrial animals. Asia is the richest region of mangrove species diversity with 44 species reported to occur. Mangrove forests along the coastlines in the Asia-Pacific region provide building materials for traditional homes, shelter fish and wildlife, protect communities from tsunamis and typhoons, and store more carbon than any other forested ecosystem in the world. In the mangrove forest ecosystem, different species have different roles. Indo-Malaysian region (Chapman, 1975) ... national and global estimates of annual mangrove forest area from 2000 through to 2012. The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, and sea level rice associated with global warming, have highlighted the role of beach forest-mangrove greenbelts in conferring protection on coastal communities. The ornate diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin macrospilota and M. t. rhizophorarum) relies upon mangroves as its primary habitat along with three other species of freshwater turtles occur in mangroves.Also associated with mangrove vegetation during at least some point in their life histories … The term ‘mangrove’ also applies to thickets and forests of such plants. More than one in six mangrove species worldwide are in danger of extinction as a result of a number of factors, including coastal development, climate change, logging and agriculture. This iconic species is found in tropical forests including Mangrove forests such as the Sunderbans. Some of the mangrove trees are century-old and look gaunt and old. Important Mangrove Species. In India, the A. marina has increased in numbers, likely due to its resistance to pollution, thus causing a decline in biodiversity. Crustaceans – Mangrove tree crab, blue crab. The Maldives government in an ecological survey of the mangrove forest of H.A. Bruguiera hainesii is one of the two critically endangered mangrove species listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Their roots provide a good breeding ground and home for many tropical fish, while their branches are a great nesting place for birds. A collection of mangrove trees in an area makes up a mangrove habitat, mangrove swamp or mangrove forest. For example, Avicinnea is one of the most tolerant species to heavy metals. However, not all regions have experienced a reduction in mangrove deforestation. There are already an estimated 70 square km of mangrove forest across the Emirate. Vikroli Mangrove Walk What: A walk in the mangrove forest by a naturalist. The Estuarine Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) is also found in mangrove forests in the north. The pollution load varies for different mangrove forests as well as among species. – There are around 80 different species of mangrove trees – Mangroves can grow in soils roughly two times the salinity of ocean water – Certain mangrove species can grow to be up to 131 feet (40 meters) tall – Globally, mangrove forests cover around 53,000 … Sundarban mangrove forest is the single largest home of the Royal Bengal Tiger ... Six species of Shark and Ray, which are found here, are included in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act. A 2006 study found the Mantang mangrove forest in West Malaysia supports fisheries worth 100 million dollars per year. Florida's important recreational and commercial fisheries would drastically decline without healthy mangrove forests. These indicate that Sundarban Reserved Forest is a natural biodiversity hot spot. As per 2004 census, the tiger population in Indian Sundarban is around There are 58 species of mammals, 55 species of reptiles and around 248 bird species. This is because most mangrove forests, (such as the Everglades in Florida), are protected by national governments. Bats can be found hanging out in the caves in mangrove areas. Plant invasion is a major threat to natural ecosystems, and mangrove forests are among the most threatened ecosystems in the world. Roots of these trees provide safe habitat for underwater marine life. Sundarban is also the only mangrove forest in the world having the tiger as its indigenous population. Today we will take a look at the different animals found in the mangroves. Other species include the river mangrove, orange mangrove, mangrove apple, sea holly and many other species but in lesser numbers,” the scientist said. Kelaa found a rare and critical mangrove species. However, since mangrove species primarily occur in the saline and intertidal environment that is inhospitable for most terrestrial and freshwater plants, it is commonly assumed that mangrove forests are resilient to plant invasion. The majority of the biomass in a mangrove forest is made up of mangrove trees, hence the name. The mangrove forest is home to hundreds of different species of animals. Most diversity of mangrove species is in Southeast Asia – with only around 12 species surviving in the Americas. For many species of fruit bats, like the dawn bat, mangrove blossoms and fruit make up a large part of their diet. Luxuriant mangrove can be seen in Shoal Bay (South Andaman), Yerrata (Middle Andaman) and in Austin Creek (Mayabunder). With roots that lack strong adaptations to tolerate salt and water, this mangrove species is found further inland and on higher ground than red and black mangroves. Few mammals live permanently in the mangroves. Mangrove forests are also nesting sites for many shore birds and home to crab eating monkeys and proboscis monkeys, fishing cats, lizards, sea turtles, and many more animals. Fish – bonefish, needle nose gar, mangrove snappers, parrot fish, barracuda. Mangroves range in size from small shrub-like bushes to the huge 60-meter (200 ft) specimens found in the province of Manabi, Ecuador. Mangrove trees have various adaptations that allow them to live in saline, tidal areas. Many animals find shelter either in the roots or branches of mangroves. It’s diet mostly consists of large prey such as wild deer and pigs, but it will also prey on animals such as fish, elephants and primates. Majority of the trees are of the “bakauan” type (Rhizophora Stylosa) who has arching stilt roots emerging from the trunk. Mangrove forests are among the world’s most productive ecosystems, lying at the boundary between land and sea in tropical regions. A notable exception is the very rare false water rat. The white mangrove typically has no visible roots, although peg roots may develop when the tree is flooded for significant amounts of time or grows in oxygen-depleted sediments. Pre-book a day in advance for a time slot. People who live in mangrove forests often rely on fishing to make a living. The Mangrove National Park has more than 19 square km of forest. Freshwater species of turtles are found near the headwaters of mangrove river systems. Mangrove, any of certain shrubs and trees that grow in dense thickets or forests along tidal estuaries, in salt marshes, and on muddy coasts and that characteristically have prop roots—i.e., exposed supporting roots. Some of the other significant Mangrove forests found in India include the ‘Bhitarkanika Mangroves’ and ‘Godavari-Krishna Mangroves’. Cost: Free Call: 022 67961097 Email: mangroves@godrej.com Mollusks – Mangrove tree snail Actually, there are over 200 species of bird species in Thailand’s mangrove forests! Despite all they do for humans and the planet, mangrove forests are threatened by over harvesting and rising sea levels. For example, the Everglades is a United States national park, which means everything inside it … The Candijay mangrove forest is one of the most diverse in the country and boasts of at least 36 species. Monitor lizards, notably the mangrove monitor and the rusty monitor, frequent mangroves to feed on insects, fish, crabs and birds. Although a wide variety of plant species are found in mangrove forests, only some 54 species belonging to 16 families are recognized as "true mangroves" - species which are rarely found outside mangrove habitats. For many species of fruit bats, like the dawn bat , mangrove blossoms and fruit make up a large part of their diet. Walks are conducted for groups of minimum of 15 people. Found within the city of Abu Dhabi, this park is a dense, luxuriant concentration of mangrove trees, protected by law. The walk lasts about two and a half hours. The greatest extent of mangrove species is found in the . It navigates local species and information about biodiversity. Mangrove branches are rookeries, or nesting areas, for beautiful coastal birds such as brown pelicans and roseate spoonbills. Lets look at them based on their scientific categorization. We have already lost over half of the world’s original mangrove forest area, estimated at … Mangrove forests are also nesting sites for many shore birds and home to crab eating monkeys and proboscis monkeys, fishing cats, lizards, sea turtles, and many more animals. Largest amount of mangrove coverage can be found in Indonesia. A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.The term is also used for tropical coastal vegetation consisting of such species.

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