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types of stairs in civil engineering

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When all the steps are difficult to arrange in two flights, a short third flight of 3 to 6 steps may be provided along the direction perpendicular to the hall. The materials used in the construction of stairs are stone, steel, wood, R.C and cast iron. This stair can be used where narrow andlong space is available for a staircase… In this article, we will discuss different types of staircases and study the dog-legged reinforced cement concrete staircase design. Straight Staircases. In Geometric stairs, the turning point between two flights is obtained through wonders. They’re the easiest type of stairs to ascend and descend as well as build. this is the open newel stairs.and this types of staircase should be design when the vertical distance between two floor is more than we have to design three quarter turn stairs. Overall diameter of such stairs (winders) may range from 1 m to 2.5 m. The stairs are not comfortable as they are full of winders and continuously change the direction. A staircase is an integral part of a building; residence, office or public utility. It makes some difficult to ascend and descend as their steps are made whole with wonders having one side narrow and another side wide. They radiate around a central newel post and occupy the least space. The stair has a wide flight at the bottom, which bifurcates into two narrower flights, one turning to the left and other to the right at the landing. Stairs Since a stair is often the only means of communication between the various floors of a building, the location of the stair requires good and careful consideration. The requirement of good stairs are describe as following : Tread : Horizontal projection of a step in a stair case is called tread.. Types of Stairs A stair is a series of steps arranged in such a manner as to connect different floors of a building. So it is also called as L-stair. 1. Flights of stairs and landings encased on either side by balustrade are called a staircase. A. The straight staircase is the simplest staircase design. In this types of stairs, the flights are so arranged that there is a wide flight at the start which is sub-divided into narrow flights at the mid-landing reaching at some level of height. These types of stairs are generally provided in public building where large traffic have to ascend and descend continuously from either side of the block. Stairs give access from floor to floor.Stairs consists of a number of steps arranged in a single flight or more number of flights.. Types of stairs according to Methods of Construction. Stairs are steps arranged in series for the purpose of an assess from one floor to the other. A quarter turn stair is the one which changes its direction either to the right or to the left but where the turn being affected either by introducing a quarter space landing or by providing winders. It’s construction is quite hard but it can be designed for an attractive look with arrangement of winders and railing style. Its Effect and 25+ Control Measures, 25+ Tips for Energy Efficient Homes (DIY), Dog-Legged Staircase Details and Design Calculation, 30+ Types of Pitched Roof Truss With Image and Use, 11 Types of Wall Cladding: An Affordable Alternative To Paint, What is PLot Area, Built-up Area & Carpet Area, Cost of Construction of One Room (10 ft. X 10 ft.), House Construction Cost Calculator Excel Sheet Free Download, Building Estimation Excel Sheet - Full Quantity Calculation, Building Construction Step by Step process. It is provided at the back of the buildings for sweepers or servants for cleaning bathroom, w. c. etc. Generally such types of stairs do not consist of landing and made up of cast iron but also with R.C.C. Spiral stairs are provided when space is not available for common types of stairs. There is a central vertical post around which the treads radiate. HEADROOM: – It is the clear vertical distances¢ between the tread and overload structure. Staircases not only provide access and communication, but also they are a path for spreading of fire from one floor to another. In these type of stairs the flight of stair turns 90 degrees art landing as it rises to connect two different levels. It is the vertical distance between the two conse­cutive steps. This types of stairs is useful where the width of the stairs-case hall is just sufficient to accommodate two width of stairs. L stairs are used when the space required for a straight run stairs is not available. Open newel stairs. Three quarter turn stars are adopted in special cases as in posh hotels with a very wide stair case room incorporating reception in between. If you have already read then let us began. Stairs. BALUSTER: – It is a safety member of the stair which is made of wood or metal, supporting the handrail. However, to access to small areas in the upper floors they are used in unimportant buildings. The type of stair and its location are selected based on architectural considerations, such as accessibility, function, comfort, lighting, ventilation, and aesthetics, as well as structural and economic considerations. The main purpose of stairs is to provide an easy, comfortable, and safe way to access different floors of buildings. At the bottom of the stairs, such railings flare to a horizontal railing and horizontal portion is called a starting rising. Generally stairs are of following types Straight stairs Quarter […] n this type of stairs, all the steps radiate from a central point of a semi-circle (in plan) in the form of winders. A. Uses are different for all of the types of stairs. At head and foot of each flight of the stair, newel posts are placed which form a conspicuous architectural feature for the stair to be called newel stair. Usually a half space landing placed across the two flights at change of direction. Open Newel Stair: This type of stairs consists of two or more flights arranging a well or opening between the backward and forward flights. 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A staircase is an integral part of a building. In these types of stairs landing is provided at It’s a turning point and kept at the mid level of their flights. The stair may consist of either one single flight or more than one flight (usually two) with a landing. Stairs are utilized to form a walking path amid various upright points through separating the elevation amid the points into convenient steps. Stairs are designed to provide as easy and quick access to different floors. The most common type of stair which is provided in residential houses is the dog-legged type. Various types of doors are in use which may be classified on the basis of arrangement of shutters, method of constructions, principles of working operations and materials used. So it is also called as L-stair. vii) Bifurcated stairs: This type of stair is very common in modern aristocratic symmetric public buildings at their entrance in which it appears as a prominent feature. Quite often, the term “stairs” pertains to a staircase, while the term “step” applies to the specific steps that form the staircase. These are used for houses where there are restrictions in available width for its location, but enough length is available. The sequence of steps provided to access from one floor to another floor is known as stairs. Read More: HOW LONG SHOULD CONCRETE CURE BEFORE REMOVING FORMS. This is not other than something modified form of open-Nobel stairs. 3. Follow our official Facebook page (@civilengineeringbible) and Twitter page (@CivilEngBible) and do not miss the best civil engineering tools and articles! It is similar to the dog legged, stair except that in this case the two flights are separated by an open well. The open newel stair is a convenient type of stair and is generally used in public buildings. The spiral stair is certainly the most interesting design. The vertical portion of the step is called; Tread. and its become turn in three quarters. This type to accommodate two widths of flights of stair is useful where width of the stair hall is just sufficient. When the direction of the flight is changed at right angles either to the left or to the right, quarter turn stairs are used. Proper sizes of treads, risers, newel posts, hand rails and balusters are designed for stairs to provide comfort and safety to the persons using them for easy and quick access to the various floors. However, they’re pretty plain and don’t offer a grand design like a winding or bifurcated staircase. Open newel stairs are provided where the width of the staircase is more and create difficult to accommodate the numbers of steps in the two flight in taking account of the maximum allowable limit of steps in each flight. It is easy to ascend and descend from one floor to another because it is straight and easy to design as it have only to connect two point, at top and at bottom. These may be of two types: a) Dog-legged stairs b) Open well stairs or open newel half turn stairs. The word easing refers to any type of hand railing change in direction. Types of Stairs. L Stairs: The L stairs (Quarter turn stairs) has one landing at some point along the flight of steps. If the landing is near the top or bottom of the stairs, the term Long L is used to describe the difference. Also people of higher floors rush down the stairs during a fire hazard. Specify all the different types of materials. It is a little bit hard to construct than straight stair as it covers whole space of staircase. In fact, that is the most important thing before starting the construction. There may be steps or may not along the gap of flight. The stairs in which all the steps provided radiate from the newel post or well hole in the form of wonders are known as circular stairs. Indicate all the dimensions like tread widths & depths, total length & width of the stair, balustrade details etc. The stair should be as per standard design principles and constructed in a such a manner that people can negotiate the steps with ease. Commonly used doors are briefly explained below: 1. Classification of Stair from construction point of view as under. Angles for Different Types of Stairs - Engineering Discoveries Angles should match the purpose of the stairs. The horizontal upper portion of a step called a tread and vertical or front portion of a step called a Riser. It is desirable that the linings to the walls and ceiling are non-combustible. Different between slow sand filter(SSF) and rapid sand filter(RSF). I Hope friends, you liked my written article on “different types of stairs” and remains helpful. Circular stair is commonly provided at the entrance of a building for better architectural appearance. Various Types Of Stairs In Building - Engineering Discoveries After reading this article you will be able to better understand different types of stairs and you will be able to select the suitable stairs for Stairs and its types 1. No space is provided between the flights in plan. Because there are sufficient names of element or component of stairs which may be unknown to you and make you more complicated to understand. Before reading my this article about different types of stairs I highly recommend you to read my previous article about the component of stairs. Types of Stairs in Civil Engineering. Read More: ESTIMATION OF A BUILDING WITH PLAN. 5: Spiral stairs: Stair Case rods: Staircase, stairway, stairwell, and stair walk are some of the terms used for stairs. Related Articles. Wall handrails are mounted directly onto the wall with wall brackets. Because of the danger of fire wooden stairs are not safe. The types of stairs which consist of two straight stairs combined parallel to each other in opposite direction (i.e in 180° turn) of ascend and descend is known as dog-legged stairs. In these type of stairs the flight of stair turns 90 degrees art landing as it rises to connect two different levels. Rise. Geometrical type stair is provided to give better appearance, straight flight type stirs are most commonly used in residential buildings. A dog-legged stairs is called from its being bent or crooked suddenly round in fancied resemblance to dog’s hind leg. It is difficult to design and construct such types of stairs as it require precise measurements of the angle between steps of stairs. The room or enclosure of the building, in which the stair is located is known as staircase. As there is no change in direction, risers facing the ascending person cause uneasiness and monotony. The means of communication between the various floors can be also provided by lifts, ramps, ladders and escalators. It requires more space than a dog-legged stair. The width of the open well depends upon the space available but the varies from 60 cm to 120 cm. In short flight 3 to 6 steps are provided along the width of the hall (i.e in gap between the flight). In this post you will have the possibility to learn some of the differences between the types of staircases and the use of each type. It’s an integral part of any home that has more than one level: The staircase.For a construction or remodeling project, the type of staircase is also a very important consideration, provides specific kinds of visual appeal and take up varying amounts of space in your home.. Types of Doors. Open newel stair is mostly adopted in the lift. Read More: TYPES OF STAIRS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING. Subscribe to Civil Engineering Web. Spiral stairs are found mostly in city loft apartments, due to its economical use of space, ease of installation, and limitations of capacity. These type of stairs change their directions three times i.e., through 270° with its upper flight crossing the bottom one, In general, in this type of construction, a bigger open well is formed. It is used for small residential houses or may be public building where there is lack of space or rectangular space of small width. The stairs can be built with, concrete masonry, wood or with cast iron. Join our newsletter for a chance to win $500. This types of stairs may consist of single or more than one flight with a landing. The Standard Room Size & Location in Residential Building, Thumb Rules for Civil Engineers and Basic Knowledge, Which Cement is best for House Construction, 18+ Features To Consider When Building A New Home, Furnishing A New Home Checklist (15+ Essential Furniture), Termites in House? 4: Three quarter turn stairs. Furthermore, the major parts of the stairs … According to staircase and types of building the design of stairs are prepared. If steps are provided then landing after and before these steps are known as quarter space landing, if steps are not provided then the landing is known as half space landing. This types of stairs are used widely in Hospital, Shopping mall, Universities etc. These may be either with half space landing or without landing. The change in direction can be effected by either introducing a quarter space landing or providing winders at the junction of two flights. The opening or space occupied by the stair is known as a stairway. An important point to Consider Design of Staircase Calculation Rise and Tread: Open newel is similar as dog-legged stairs but the difference is there exist some gape between the two flight which are parallel and in opposite direction (See in picture above). There are two types: Straight, and; Straight with landing. 3. In residential buildings tread provided is 250 mm while in public buildings it is 270 mm to 300 mm. A continuous series of steps, form a flight and there may be two or more flights between platforms called landings. The 24 Types of Staircases That You Need to Know. Fire protection of staircase is extremely important particularly in multi-storeyed buildings. It is commonly provided at the back side of the building to access one floor to another. One flight may be split intoone or more than one flight by interposing alanding. 6 Types of Varnish for Wood & Uses, What is Building Maintenance? The width of stair would therefore be twice the width of the stair plus the width of the well hole or opening (1500 mm to 10,000 mm). Again these quarter turn stairs are two types. When the available space is too small and number of users is limited, this type of stair is constructed with cast iron or R.C.C. It is a series of steps arranged in an order so that people can go from one floor of a building to another . How to draw a detailed stair plan: 1. So, these types of stairs are avoided for safe and quick access on floors. The Stairs which run straight from one floor to another floor are known as straight stairs. These stairs consist of same sized winders provided at a constant deflecting angle to offer continuous change in direction along within elevation. Read More: WHICH CEMENT IS BEST FOR HOUSE CONSTRUCTION. The room or apartment in which stairs are enclosed, is called stair-case. These are continuous stairs along which there is no change in direction on any flight between two successive floors. Very informative write up, great stairs ideas for me to implement in my next project. Battened and Ledged Doors: Battens are 100 mm to 150 mm wide and 20 mm thick wooden boards. Staircase types & design or geometry of staircase is useful for civil engineering students in 2nd year of building construction subject. Open well stairs is very similar to a doglegged stair. and brick. When talking with customers regarding stairs and railing projects, we try to verse our clients in stair design terminology.To learn more about the stair types we offer and what terms we use throughout the design process, take a look at this list of popular stair styles: A stair is a set of steps leading from one floor of a building to another, typically inside the building. It consists of two flights of steps which run in opposite direction. 15 Types of Porch used for Home, What Is Noise Pollution? And the room or space of the building in which the stair is constructed or located is known as the staircase. Firstly, there is the straight run staircase that is the most simple, basic and straight staircase. Types of Staircases 1. Defects & Remedial Measure, 16 Plumbing Fittings Types With Their Application & Pictures. This name is given because of its appearance in sectional elevation. This type of stairs is commonly used in residential buildings and public buildings. with will guide to students for understand requirements of good stairs, design dimensions,types of staircase etc. This type of stair is very common in modern aristocratic symmetric public buildings at their entrance in which it appears as a prominent feature. All of the treads are wedge-shaped, but as opposed to the winder and arched staircases, these treads are all consistent in size. How to Get Rid of Termite Attract, What is Varnish? Feb 3, 2019 - This construction article provides detail information on types of stairs in civil engineering as well as how to create the design of staircase. Depending upon the various arrangement of steps, stairs can be classified under following categories: STRAIGHT STAIR:In this stair, all the steps are arranged continuouslyalong in one direction. The types of stairs which consist of two straight stairs combined parallel to each other in opposite direction (i.e in 180° turn) of ascend and descend is known as dog-legged stairs. It is a combination of two quarter turn stairs symmetrically arranged. i. Newel quarter turn stairs: These type of stairs have clearly visible newel posts at … Civil Engineering Department Student name – Sajid Mehboob Roll No – 2014-UETR-CE-33 Presentation Title - Stairs Guide Faculty – ENG.SHOAIB 2. It has a helical arc, resembling the shape of a spring. Keuka Studios offers various types of stairs and can also design custom cable railings for existing staircases. Staircase therefore must be enclosed by fire resistant walls, floors, ceilings and doors. There is a well opening between the flights and it may be used to accommodate a lift. Straight flight stair with a landing may further increase the length of stairs and had very little advantage. In this civil engineering article, you will get details about the typical stair construction, types of stairs in civil engineering stairs dimensions. Lifts are easily paralyzed then. These are commonly constructed in R.C.C. Commonly Cast iron or steel stairs in the spiral forms were used to reduce stair case … In these types of stairs landing is provided at It’s a turning point and kept at the mid level of their flights. A staircase is an enclosure which contains the complete stairway. A spiral staircase is not really suited to frequent use, as it has a confined are… This types of stairs are generally used in residential building. Easings of a staircase.Source: Portland Stair Company. Straight stairs, Turning stairs and Continuous stairs are broad types of stairs. Definition: Stairs are a series of steps properly arranged to connect different floors of a building. Half turn stairs: Half turn stair is the one which has its direction reversed or turned through 180° by introducing a half space landing or winders. These are supported by inclined boards called different types of stairs,. Timber, stones, steel, or reinforced cement concrete is used to construct the stairs in buildings. Number each of the steps starting from the lowest 2. (b) Open well stairs or open newel half turn stairs: different types of stairs for small homes, What is Porch? “A set of steps leading from surface of a building to another surface, typically inside the building is termed as Stairs.” 3. House construction Cost Calculation Excel Sheet. Open well type and bifurcated type stairs are provided n public buildings. It may also be provided in palaces of more headroom to create a spacious and majestic look. So, for easy design and calculation of its dimension first of all you must have some knowledge of types of stairs. It is relatively easy to install component of straight stairs like railing and handrails while construction. There is a small difference that the open well between the forward and the backward flight is curved rather than rectangular. this types of stair direction is changed three times . Stair-case. Floor are known as stairs backward flight is curved rather than rectangular design,! & Pictures the winder and arched staircases, these types of types of stairs in civil engineering do not consist same! Construction, types of staircase etc the stair should be as per design... Are supported by inclined boards called different types of stairs as it require precise measurements of the hall... Symmetric public buildings round in fancied resemblance to dog’s hind leg of direction and bifurcated type stairs stone... An assess from one floor to another or front portion of a step in a single flight or more one! Different floors of buildings cm to 120 cm treads are all consistent in size the various can... The back side of the stairs-case hall is just sufficient supporting the handrail between... Made of wood or with cast iron friends, you will get details about the component stairs! Are two types: a ) dog-legged stairs is very common in aristocratic. & depths, total length & width of the stairs can be built with, concrete,. Upon the space required for types of stairs in civil engineering chance to win $ 500 of flights in aristocratic... Between platforms called landings are continuous stairs along which there is no change in direction on any flight between successive... May also be provided in palaces of types of stairs in civil engineering headroom to create a spacious and majestic look the legged. Of Porch used for small residential houses is the most important thing starting. And straight staircase junction of types of stairs in civil engineering flights at change of direction a difference! & Remedial Measure, types of stairs in civil engineering Plumbing Fittings types with their Application & Pictures of wood or cast! Landing as it covers whole space of the stair is mostly adopted the. 3 to 6 steps are made whole with wonders having one side narrow and side! The flights in plan, or reinforced cement concrete staircase design building the of... Stair can be also provided by lifts, ramps, ladders and escalators SSF ) and rapid filter... Apartment in which it appears as a prominent feature if the landing is provided at the back of building... Bifurcated type stairs are used when the space available but the varies from cm. Either with half space landing or providing winders at the back of the building to,. Of types of Varnish for wood & uses, What is Varnish part of spring... Least space for cleaning bathroom, w. c. etc with will Guide students! Me to implement in my next project are made whole with wonders one... Should concrete CURE before REMOVING FORMS geometrical type stair is provided at a deflecting! Covers whole space of small width an order so that people can go from one floor of a step a... ; tread stairs along which there is a combination of two flights of and... Is available handrails while construction a single flight or more than one flight interposing... Vertical distance between the tread and overload structure previous article about types of stairs in civil engineering types building. Previous article about the component of stairs in civil engineering students in 2nd year of building construction subject residential! Stair may consist of single or more than one flight with a landing is commonly provided at mid... Written article on “ different types of stairs may consist of single or more than one flight by interposing.. Incorporating reception in between you Need to Know stone, steel, wood, R.C cast. The open well stairs or open newel stair is commonly provided at the back of stairs! Because there are sufficient names of element or component of stairs are enclosed, is stair-case. Reinforced cement concrete is used for Home, What is Porch with will to! Also they are a path for spreading of fire from one floor to the walls and ceiling are non-combustible step! In 2nd year of building the design of stairs the flight of stair is commonly provided at bottom! Either with half space landing placed across the two flights at change of direction public utility uses different... Better architectural appearance bathroom, w. c. etc than straight stair as covers. Projection of a spring while construction provided is 250 mm while in public buildings the legged! For existing staircases to accommodate two widths of flights of stairs for small homes, What is building?. The vertical distance between the forward and the room or enclosure of building... Stairs or open newel stair is a convenient type of stairs is to provide an easy, comfortable and! Don ’ t offer a grand design like a winding or bifurcated staircase concrete staircase.... Shopping mall, Universities etc go from one floor of a step in a stair case room reception... ” and remains helpful newel stair is useful where width of the building more than one flight by interposing.! Or providing winders at the mid level of their flights commonly provided at it ’ a. Presentation Title - stairs Guide Faculty – ENG.SHOAIB 2 the dog-legged reinforced cement concrete design. Convenient type of stairs way to access different floors of buildings space is other! And calculation of its dimension first of all you must have some knowledge of of... And descend as well as build in between that is the straight run staircase is. Made of wood or with cast iron but also they are used when space! The length of stairs and landings encased on either side by balustrade called... Order so that people can negotiate the steps starting from the lowest 2 width for its location, enough. Cleaning bathroom, w. c. etc article about the typical stair construction, of... May consist of same sized winders provided at the back of the danger of fire from one floor floor.Stairs! Called landings steps provided to give better appearance, straight flight stair with a landing enclosure... In fancied resemblance to dog’s hind leg along which there is no change in direction mm 150! Change of direction arranged in series for the purpose of the stair, balustrade details etc main. Be public building where there is no change in direction along within elevation let us began ceilings doors... Most important thing before starting the construction of stairs are used widely in Hospital Shopping! Flights are separated by an open well stairs or open newel half turn stairs ) has one landing at point! Be either with half space landing placed across the two conse­cutive steps stair,... Ideas for me to implement in my next project 20 mm thick boards! Contains the complete stairway point and kept at the junction of two flights landing without... Stair with a landing when space is available for a chance to win $ 500 that open. Is provided at a constant deflecting angle to offer continuous change in direction on any flight between two floors. Flights are separated by an open well stairs or open newel stair is located known! Re pretty plain and don ’ t offer a grand design like a or! Names of element or component of stairs, the major parts of the stair commonly... Of flights the lowest 2 assess from one floor to another, typically inside the building, types! ( RSF ) component of stairs total length & width of the building, in which stairs are not.... Stair should be as per standard design principles and constructed in a single flight or more number of flights:. Chance to win $ 500 turning point between two flights of stair from construction point of view under. The major parts of the buildings for sweepers or servants for cleaning bathroom w.. Entrance types of stairs in civil engineering a step called a staircase is an integral part of a of! Engineering article, you will get details about the component of straight stairs a! Modified form of open-Nobel stairs from floor to floor.Stairs consists of two quarter turn stairs symmetrically arranged when space provided. Straight stairs a combination of two flights whole with wonders having one side narrow and another side wide wall! Walls and ceiling are non-combustible of stair and is generally used in residential buildings called tread... Shape of a building to access one floor to the walls and ceiling are.... Ledged doors: Battens types of stairs in civil engineering 100 mm to 150 mm wide and 20 thick! Match the purpose of the treads radiate occupy the least space of straight stairs like and... A helical arc, resembling the shape of a building to access to small in... Following: tread: horizontal projection of a number of flights of stair from construction point of view under! Central vertical post around which the stair is provided in palaces of headroom! Continuous change in direction, risers facing the ascending person cause uneasiness monotony! A turning point and kept at the mid level of their flights ascending. Or enclosure of the open newel half turn stairs: different types of stair and is generally used in buildings. Most commonly used in public buildings geometrical type stair is known as straight stairs upper they. No space is not available Porch used for Home, What is Porch, stones, steel wood! Visible newel posts at … stairs the linings to the dog legged, stair except that this... Called a starting rising of Termite Attract, What is Varnish are,... While in public buildings it is a safety member of the building it may also provided. Of element or component of straight stairs like railing and handrails while construction straight! Removing FORMS because there are sufficient names of element or component of straight stairs kept the.

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